Guglielmo Marconi

Guglielmo Marconi

Marconi was born in Italy and was educated in physics in a technical school in Leghorn, Italy. He conducted his early experiments on his father’s estate near Bologna. His father was never happy with his activities, but his mother always encouraged him to do research work.

When Marconi was just 20, he came to know about the radio waves discovered by Heinrich Hertz believed that these waves can be used to carry messages. Marconi started working in the field of radio wave communication.

One night in 1894, Marconi came down from his room and woke up his mother. He requested his mother to come into his laboratory. Marcony showed her an electric bell positioned in between many instruments in one corner of the room. Marconi himself went to the other corner of the room and pressed a Morse key. As soon as he pressed the key, the electric bell, placed at a distance of 30 feet, rang. The ringing of the bell with the radio waves was a great achievement. At that time, she could not understand the importance of this experiment. Later, when Marconi sent messages from one place to another without wire, only then that she realized the importance of this small experiment.

With the help of his brother Alfango, he transmitted and received back the massages across his garden. One day, Marconi placed his own self-made transmitter on one side of a hill and the receiver on the other side. Alfano was there to receive massages. When Alfango started receiving Marcornil’s messages, he started dancing on top of the hill. At this success, Marconi became confident that his instrument was good for long-distance communication also.

After this, Marconi moved over to England to continue further experiments. During 1896-97 he gave a series of successful demonstrations of wireless telegraphy. By 1897 Marconi had succeeded in radio communication over a distance of 12 miles. Marconi became famous throughout Europe for this achievement.

In 1898, prince of Wales of England was caught by fever in his small ship near an island. Queen Victoria was also staying at the port at the time. Marconi connected both the places with the help of his instrument to enable the Queen to receive news of her son’s welfare. During 16 days about 150 messages were sent from both the places. In 1899, Marconi transmitted a radio signal across the English Channel, a distance of about 31 miles. In the same year, he equipped two U.S. Ships to Report newspapers in New York City, the progress of a yacht race.

On December 12, 1901 the letter “S” was sent in Morse code across the Atlantic Ocean. It created a worldwide sensation.

At the of just 33, which is in 1909, Marconi received the Nobel Prize for physics. Many people started feeling reactions and charged him that he wanted to sell his instrument throughout the world.

In 1915, Marconi started experiments related to transmission. In the early days of 1920, Marconi invited his friends on his boat. The Music which was played there was being broadcast by London Radio. Marconi continued to work on his experiments and with the instruments he devised, radio broadcasting began in England on 14the February 1922.

In 1930 Marconi was selected as President of the Royal Italian Academy. Marconi lived up to the age of 63, to see all the changes in radio communications brought about with his contribution. When he died on 20 July 1937. The age of television had begun. 

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