The word ‘examination’ stands for a couple of things. Firstly, It means observing, inspecting, or studying a subject intensely.
On the other hand, ‘examination’ refers to a formal test where a person’s knowledge and understanding or mastery of a particular subject is assessed. It helps us to qualify for a seat in an academic or government institution. Or get promoted to the next grade in school or college.
Who felt the need to test people in the first place?
It all started in 605AD in ancient China when the Sui Dynasty developed a government-organized assessment test known as the “Imperial Examination.” Its motto was to select candidates for government positions based on merit rather than birth order. Once qualified, the candidates would then join a renowned group of government officials working under the leadership of Emperor Yang of Sui.
Later, the Tang Dynasty introduced the concept of written examination to pick candidates led by Empress Wu Zetian, who reformed the imperial system to allow candidates from humble backgrounds. This method worked for many years until China abolished it in 1905.
Then after China, the Britishers adopted the examination system in 1806 to assess the potential candidates to serve in her Majesty’s Civil Service. Later in 1853, the East India Company took this method to India to select civil servants through competitive examinations, regardless of race.
The credit for the invention of modern-day academic exams goes to a German American business person or professor, Henry Fischel. The reason it say or is because there is no concrete evidence of his identity.
Some sources claim him to be a businessman. Some other sources say there was another person with the same name who was a Near Eastern Languages and Cultures professor at Indiana University. According to some hazy historical sources, One out of these two, Henry Fischel took the review system and applied it to the educational department in the late 19th century.
He created exams to demonstrate students’ overall knowledge of subjects and test their capacity to use the acquired knowledge.
These techniques quickly gained popularity among other teachers, and soon the concept of academic tests spread to other parts of the World and became a crucial aspect of different educational systems.
It is absolutely normal to feel a bit nervous about exams. So make sure to enjoy studying during exams, keep yourselves hydrated, eat a proper diet, exercise a bit, and take a break to play. Do whatever you can, but don’t let exams stress you out, because there is so much more to do beyond the academic grades. Identify your natural talent, find your passion, and be ready to change the World.