Pre School education is a system of activity-based. This is to help the child’s different developmental stages. Unlike a student of formal school, the Pre School child cannot deposit his learning in the long term memory without elaboration. Taking this nature into consideration, the teachers should forward activities for every lesson to the PreSchool child. There are two types of activities involved in Pre School education.
It is important to cater to the necessities of development in the child. The two types mentioned above would be a great support for the development of the child. The types are; firstly the Gross Motor Activities and secondly the Finer Motor Activities. The Gross Motor Activities are involved with the large muscles of the body and the Finer Motor Activities are involved with the Small Muscles of the body.
When considering Gross Motor Activities; running, jumping, climbing, dancing, rhythmic movements, etc. could be named. The whole body is involved in such activities. These activities could be organized for educational purposes or utilize for different developments such as behavioral development, language development, mathematical conceptual development, moral development, and aesthetic development. Activities such as group games, role play, drama, dancing, and movement of the body partly or fully, water games as swimming would help the development of large muscles in the body.
When focused on the Finer Motor Activities, the muscles in the fingers, face, eyes, ears, tongue, wrists, toes and mouth are involved. Development of these muscles is important for the child’s future learning such as writing, reading, hearing, and eyesight. The activities involved in finer muscles could be mentioned as, drawing, tearing, painting, finger games, passing laces through large beads, walking on the toes, showing facial expressions, smelling, tasting and turning eyes to sides, etc.
The large apparatus such as swings, climbers, hanging tires, hurdles, mat slides, and swimming pools are supportive to develop different activities for Gross Motor Activities. Games such as ‘Bring it for me’ games are very suitable to develop gross and fine motor skills. In the ‘Bring it for me’ games, the teacher sits at one place in the garden and students stand in a semi-circle around her. The Teacher asks, “Do you listen to me? ” the answer is “Yes” in the chorus. Then the teacher says “Can you bring what I want”, again the answer is “Yes”. Then the teacher says “Then run and bring me a stone with black patches”. The students run and try to fulfill the request.
There are many objectives behind this game. Firstly running and picking are Gross motor activities; then listening, searching and remembering the teacher’s request involve different aspects of the development in a child’s total development. Therefore the activity-based learning is essential in the Pre School-age.